Glossary B

Rosacea Definitions


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Bacteria – a class of microorganisms that cause infections.

Bacterial keratitis – caused by improper care and cleaning of contact lenses or wearing soft daily-wear lenses overnight, or contaminated eye makeup can also cause bacterial keratitis. Bacterial keratitis is characterized by waking up with your eyelids stuck together, eye pain, sensitivity to light, redness, tearing, and a decrease or blurriness in vision.

B cells (lymphocytes) – cells that make and carry surface immunoglobulins.

Barber’s Itch – Folliculitis. Damaged hair follicles become infected with bacteria, resulting in skin rashes and pimples around the infected follicles. The infection can spread.

Basal cell cancer – The vast majority (80%) of all skin cancers are basal cell cancers that affect the upper layer of skin. Symptoms include new skin growths that bleed or don’t heal well. The skin lesions vary in color from white to brown, and may be flat or raised.

Bass & Boney Pharmaceuticals, Inc. – Bass & Boney Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a North Carolina Corporation, was incorporated on July 28, 1983, and ever since then, we have remained committed to our quality service and customer relations.

BenzaClin® – a topical acne treatment. Combining two acne treatment medications in a single gel: clindamycin 1% and benzoyl peroxide 5%.

Benzamycin® – (3% erythromycin, 5% benzoyl peroxide), a topical acne treatment medication combining benzoyl peroxide and erythromycin.

Benzoyl peroxide – an acne treatment product with antibacterial properties commonly used to treat acne, adult acne and acne vulgaris.

Berlock dermatitis – symptoms typically occur in the area of the neck, face, and breast, with drop-shaped or quadrilateral patches or streaks, induced by sequential exposure to perfume or other toilet articles and then to sunlight.

Beta Hydroxy Acid – or BHA is a simple organic fruit acid found in nature or synthesized in the laboratory, sometimes used in the treatment of adult acne or acne vulgaris.

Betaplex – a combination of alpha and beta hydroxy acids in a cream used in treatment of adult acne or acne vulgaris.

Biologic Therapies – Biologic medicines, made from substances found in living organisms, block aspects of the immune system that are overactive in psoriasis. Because these types of biologics suppress the immune system, they may cause a reduction in the ability to fight infections.

Blackheads – Blackheads are small, dark spots (about the size of a pinhead) caused by discoloration of the surface of a small plug in the opening of a follicle (pore).

Blepharitis – An inflammation of the lash follicles at the eyelid margins due to excess growth in lash follicles of bacteria normally present on the skin. Blepharitis is sometimes present in ocular rosacea. Blepharitis is sometimes present in ocular rosacea. Alternative name: eyelid inflammation. Alternative name: eyelid inflammation.

Bulbous Nose – A large, bulbous, ruddy appearance of the nose sometimes present in rosacea or acne rosacea patients. Alternative names: Rhinophyma, Nose bulbous.

Bumps – The raised area of a bump or bruise results from blood leaking from these injured blood vessels into the tissues as well as from the body’s response to the injury. A purplish, flat bruise that occurs when blood leaks out into the top layers of skin is referred to as an ecchymosis.